A Summary Of the History of Minoan Crete

Minoan Crete was an island near Greece that was inhabited by some people in the 400 years that historian’s lost track of the Greeks. Minoan Crete was inhabited, by the looks of things, by peaceful people. These people had complicated designed pottery, built their houses connecting in such a way that they supported each other, even in an earthquake. It was like it was a miniature Babylon with Greek stuff instead of Babylonian stuff in different time. These people loved to travel on the water, because they had different countries pottery, furniture, etc… on that little island. By the looks of it, they were not even attacked by other people because they had lots of ships to make it that they had a large amoda (army of ships). Historians thought that the people who lived on Minoan Crete was a peaceful people, until they found a house filled of human skeletons, both young and old. And then they found a skeleton boy strapped to an altar with a knife beside him. And the historians figured out that they had sacrificed their children to their gods. Then historians found some writings with Greek instead of any other language, on stuff like their pottery, walls, tombstones, etc…

Please tell me in the comments below anything that I had written was wrong.


History Of the Hebrews From Abraham to Moses

Abraham was born and raised in Egypt. When he was young, about 20-30 maybe, he and three other Women saw the evil in the worshiping of the Egyptian Gods. Abraham’s father disliked that Abraham was not worshiping the Egyptians Gods. So anyone who did not worship their Gods, they used them as offerings to their Gods. The Women were the first to go. But When Abraham was on the altar about to get sacrificed, an angel came and slew the priest and then took Abraham somewhere else.

Abraham went to some other part of his family which was in the land of Canaan. And then he took Saira to wife (who also turns out to be his cousin). Abraham and Saira lived doing the Lord’s will until they were old. They badly wanted a son, and then three messengers came. Abraham saw and then knew that these three messengers were of the Lord, so he treated them extremely well. And when they had their rest they told Abraham their message, and that was that Abraham and Saira were going to have a child. Saira overheard the message, and then laughed at it. When she was 90 years of age! She finally was able to bear a child – something she was wishing for, for a long long time. Years passed, and Abraham was asked by the Lord to offer his son Isaac as a sacrifice. As difficult as it was for Abraham, he was obedient and was prepared to do what was asked of him by the Lord. When they arrived, Isaac notice that they did not have an offering. Isaac was determined to do his father’s will, so he decided to use himself as the sacrifice. When Abraham was about to prepare the sacrifice for burning, an angel stopped him and then the Lord gave Abraham a ram instead of using Abraham’s only son.

Many years later, Abraham took one of his servants to the Land of Canaan, because the women nearby were not worthy enough. So the servant went to the Land of Canaan, and found a lovely young woman named Rebekah, who gave him, the other servants and their 10 camels enough water to drink. And after a nights stay, the servant asked Rebekah if she could go with him back to his new master Isaac. Rebeka agreed to go with the servant. And when she arrived at the servants new master’s land, she saw Isaac coming towards them and then she lightened off her camel and asked the servant who was the person was coming towards them. He replied that it was his new master. Isaac then took Rebekah to wife, and had 2 sons.

Esau was the oldest, and Jacob was the youngest. Esau was hairy, and was an outsider (loved to be outside) and was Isaac’s favorite. While Jacob helped inside the tents, and was his mother’s favorite. One day Esau came to Jacob famished and asked for some pottage (food). Jacob sold the pottage to his brother Esau for Esau’s birthright. A few days later Isaac told Esau to make Isaac’s favorite meal. Rebekah heard her husband’s wishes, and then gave Jacob some errands to run. And then she made Isaac’s wish, and then made Jacob wear the kid’s (animal’s) skin so that his arms seemed hairy, and then he delivered the meal to his father and then received his father’s blessing. When Esau came back, he delivered his father’s meal but was too late, because the blessing was already given to Jacob. Isaac noticed that he was deceived (because he was blind), and Esau demanded to receive a blessing too.

Rebekah told Jacob to run away, because his brother Esau seeked for revenge. So Jacob ran away to his Uncle on his mother’s side. There he saw a lovely looking woman, so he did what men’s natural way of getting woman’s attention and that was to show off, by doing things that normal men can not do. So he made an agreement with his uncle, that he would work 7 years for Rachel (the beautiful looking young woman that caught Jacob’s attention). So Jacob worked 7 years for Rachel but got the older sister Leah instead. So he worked for another 7 years for Rachel. And then he worked for another 7 years to support his family, and then took them with him to his original home land. But one problem was in the way… Jacob feared that his older brother Esau was probably still wanting revenge on Jacob. So Jacob sent some gifts ahead for his brother, but his brother gave them back with the revengeance gone away from him and invited Jacob and his family to stay.

Over the years, Jacob’s wives bore him 12 sons. 10 belonged to Leah, and 2 which he loved more than the other 10, were from Rachel. Out of the 4 wives that Jacob had, he loved Rachel the most. During the years after Jacob had outlived his wives, the 10 older sons grew jealous of their younger brother Joseph (who was the oldest of the 2 youngest). Eventually Joseph was sold by his older brothers into Egypt. He was bought by the Captain of the Guards of Pharaoh. Joseph worked hard to become the best slave. He was made ruler of the slaves. And then Potiphar’s (Potiphar was the Captain of the Guard’s) wife decided to make Joseph sin against God. Joseph denied to listen to such a command, and was thrown into prison. While in prison, he saved the life of the prison keeper, and was entrusted to help run the prison. One time he saw that 2 of the prisoners were uneasy because of the dreams that they had. So Joseph interpreted their dreams, which came true.

Years later Pharaoh started to have dreams, and demanded them to be interpreted. Which no one so far could interpret. So Joseph was sent and he interpreted the dreams that the Pharaoh had. And then was appointed to be second in command of Egypt. Seven years after Joseph had foretold of the famine that was to come. His brothers came to Egypt to buy food. So Joseph gave a little more than what they thought they bought. The brothers came a few times more, until Joseph got them to bring their youngest brother, Benjamin. And then Joseph decided to take his youngest brother as a slave, but one of the older brothers decided that his father would die if Benjamin did not come back, so he asked if Joseph should take him instead. And then Joseph revealed his true identity to his brothers. The brothers were struck speechless (for the moment) and Joseph forgave his older brothers for selling him into Egypt, because the Lord wanted Joseph to be there to save Egypt and many other lives from the 7 year famine.

Years after Joseph had died, the Egyptians forgot the great deeds that Joseph did. So all the Hebrews became slaves. Moses was born and put in a basket on a river, and then one of Pharaoh’s daughters found Moses there. Many years passed, then Moses killed an overseer for whipping a slave too much and then ran away and became a shepherd. One day while he was tending his flock of sheep, he came upon a burning bush that was not being consumed. He followed the burning bush into a cave, and received a message from the Lord on that holy ground. Moses was told to and save his people, the Hebrews, from slavery. Moses is doubtful that he can do what is requested of him by the Lord. He doubts his ability to speak well, and then he was told that his brother Aaron will help him. Finally Moses accepts his duty and does it. He went to Pharaoh and demanded him to release the Hebrews. Then Moses worked some wonders and ten plagues are released upon Egypt, but still Pharaoh is hard hearted and will not release the Hebrew. And the Passover finally came, and Pharaoh releases the Hebrews. The next day the Pharaoh changed his mind and went after them. The Lord parted the Red Sea for the Hebrews. During their journey, the Lord did some wonders to stop the people’s complaining. Moses went up a mountain for 40 days, and came back down with 2 tablets only to see that the people were worshiping a golden calf. And that angered Moses so he threw the tablets down, causing the tables to break. He destroys the golden calf. And then Moses goes back up to get a new set of the tablets.

Week 5 writing Assignment

Yea, I got to choose 1 out of 4 questions to answer:

  1. Why was Aristotle a significant figure?
  2. How would you explain Aristotle’s main points in his Ethics to the average person?

  3. How have libertarians, or “Aristotelian liberals,” argued for liberty on the basis of Aristotle’s ideas?

  4. What was Spartan society like?

My choice is the 4th/ last question “What was Spartan society like?”. Because I know more of the answer to it than the others, and when I was in grade 6, we as a class did Greek Mythology. I was in the Spartan Group (at the end, I was the only member in my group who did not mind taking the poster home to keep).

Sparta was a Greek state. They were friends with another state, but turned that friendship into slavery. Ever since they turned their friends into slaves, they feared that the slaves would kill them if the slaves were not reminded of their position. So they faced their fear by toughening their people up. Women had racing & weight lifting competitions. Women were the ones doing all the housework and monitoring the slaves and the house, they were even the ones who owned the houses. The men were taken away from their families when the were 7 years of age.

For the next 13 years, the men were trained to become warriors, they were fed just enough to be kept alive. At age 20, they entered the army for the next 10 years. During their stay in the army, they could get married if they wanted to. They could only visit their wives when they were on guard duty or if they snuck past the guards to and back without being caught. At age 30 they finally became a citizen of Sparta. They had all the rights of a citizen, except that they HAD to eat poor food in the mess hall, and when they were called to do something by the government, they had to obey.

Some slaves got some training to become a warrior, but then they were killed by the boy’s in training. Some of the slaves were just killed to prove that the boy killing them was a man of steel. Because of the government’s way of living, they did indeed become a hard to defeat army but they were way behind in technology. The Spartans were defeated by a state called Athens. Yes the Spartans had great warriors, but Athens had a great navy. The Spartans weakness (great warriors, but not good sailors), destroyed them.

Discuss some of the reasons offered in the Psalms for long-term optimism

There are many lesson that could be learnt from Psalms. 1)Sovereignty. 2) Hierarchy. 3)Law. 4) Sanctions. 5) things that are going to happen in the Future. Optimism means ‘The opinion or doctrine that everything in nature is ordered for the best’.

The optimism that we could learn from Sovereignty, is that the Lord God is the governor of all nations; He is the supreme ruler, and that everyone should worship Him and He only. The optimism that we could learn from Hierarchy is that no kingdom could stand if they are fighting each other; if you have Lord on your side, then you could be very successful in being the governor, but as soon as you take His judgement as yours then you are going to fail miserably.

The optimism that we could learn from the Lord’s Laws is that they are high standard Laws; if you could not keep his commandments, then you won’t be able to keep his laws, and if you could not keep his laws then you won’t be able to receive his guidance and blessings as well as you could of; meaning that the Lord’s governs us with His Laws. The optimism that we could learn from Sanctions is that the Lord can give authority to his chosen one that He has chosen to do specific things to allow His presents in, for example a Prophet of the Lord has the authority to dedicate a Temple unto the Lord.

The optimism that we could learn from the Future, is that we could only prepare for the future and that the Lord could reveal unto us something that is going to happen in the future, and if means bad news for us then we need to repent of our wrong doings so that the Lord would not bring to pass what he had foretold us. The city of Nineveh was foretold that it would get destroyed, but because of the people’s repentance, they were not destroyed. If the Lord told us that something is going to happen then it might be a good ideal to not stop it from happening because someone thought that they could stop it but that leads to it to happen, although it might happen regardless, unless the Lord tells us to do something about it.

Genesis 1-3

Genesis 1: Is about the days that everything that was created. The 7th day was a day of rest. And God saw that everything that he created was good.

Genesis 2: Is about God giving a task to Adam to name every animal. And then God made a woman to be a companion (wife) for Adam. Eve, the woman that God gave Adam, was tempted by a serpent to eat a forbidden fruit and she gave some of that fruit to Adam, who ate as well. And then their minds were opened to the knowledge of good and evil.
And they ran away, knowing that they were naked, to sew fig leaves to make an apron to cover them. God came and asked Adam where he was, Adam answered. God asked him why he was hiding and Adam told God that he was naked. God then asks, who told him that he was naked, and then asked Adam did he eat of the forbidden fruit. Adam replies that Eve gave him some fruit and he ate. God then asks, why did she eat of the forbidden fruit and she told God that the Serpent tricked her into doing so. And then God cursed the serpent. And then kick Adam and Eve out of the Garden, with a whole new world to experience.

Genesis 3: Is about some of the history line of Adam and Eve had created. Cain and Abel, making sacrifices to the Lord. The Lord respects Abel and his offerings and not Cain’s. Cain gets enious, and kills Abel. The Lord curses Cain and puts a mark on Cain, and said that anyone who killed Cain will get 70-fold.

Discuss the relationship between ethics and sanctions in Proverbs 1-7

Proverbs can teach us pretty important lessons. In Proverbs 1-7 it teaches us that we should obey the law, must not commit adultery, and they warn us of the evils of women (that is what it says in the Bible, but men could be even more evil).

Proverbs teaches that the law could be pretty harsh. If we follow the law of the land, we hopefully could enjoy what life has to give us and that we do not have to spend a couple years or so trying to settle a debt, and life will be so much easier and enjoyable. So if we want to not live our life trying to settle a debt, we must obey the law of the land and try to avoid breaking it as much as possible.

This book of the Bible teaches us some of the consequences in committing adultery, and they could be pretty harsh depending on the person’s spouse who you decided to commit that sin with. Back in those times they lived by a law called the Mosaic Law. Let’s say that if a wife of a husband committed adultery with another man, the husband has the right to have both of them (the wife and the man who she committed adultery with) killed. Same things goes if it were the husband. If a spouse re-marries after their previous spouse had given up the ghost, then it will not count as committing adultery.

And with the warnings of the evils of women, we must try to avoid her flattery lips that practically find joy in dooming one young person’s life (and soul) who still has their whole life ahead of them. These warnings are there so say that when a women is in an mood to commit a sin, she will kiss you and then use the flattery of her lips to lure you into committing a sin with her, and probably put you in your doom for eternity/make you regret for what you had gotten yourself into. In other words, avoid anyone who is evil that will use their flattery lips to lure you into committing a sin with that person (anyone).

Was Thoreau dependent on the division of labor while he was living on Walden Pond?

If Thoreau had more information about the history of his life, and the type of family he had came from, I think that his book would of have been more successful. If Thoreau had written that information about his life, but it was Not included in his book then that was his book publishers fault because they were the ones who had published Thoreau’s book when he was dead. Anyways, if the background of Thoreau’s life as included in his book then his book would have probably would have been a lot more successful. If Thoreau did not preach like a preacher his believes of labor to a crowd of people who did not care a single bit of what he had to say or did not want to learn his believes of labor, then he would of seemed more like the citizens and would of probably been more successful.

If Thoreau did not live all by himself, then his human company could of given him some idea’s. And his company would of understand what he wanted in his book if he had died before his book was published, then he would have been a more well known writer. If he also had written better books before, then the public would of accepted his book a lot better.

So “Was Thoreau dependent on the division of labor while he was living on Walden Pond?”. Yes, he was pretty dependent on people to run the land around the house by the sounds of it. And yes, he was dependent for his relatives to publish his book when he had gave up the ghost (died). All what Thoreau did was walk in the woods, by the pond, and type and thinking on what else to type for his books, when he was at the Walden Pond, witch was a couple of miles away from the closes residence. And he was all alone, and the only company he had was some slaves or and servants and the animals that lived near by. The servants or and the slaves took care of the place, and the animals minded their own business and made the nature more enjoyable, acceptable, and refreshing.