Sirius & Betelgeuse

Sirius:

Sirius is the Dog Star in the dog Canis Major in the night sky. Magnitude is -1.45. Absolute magnitude: 1.44. Ecliptic longitude/ latitude: +104o04’4404”/-39o36’39.3” or +104o17’33.2”/-39o36’32.4”. Galactic longitude/ latitude: -132o45’57.3”/-8o53’42.0”. The stars distance from our sun: 8.60 ly. Parallax: 0.37921”. This star is a lot bigger than our sun and it is also one of the most brightest. Type: star. Spectral Type: A0m…

Betelgeuse/ Armpit:

Betelgeuse is the armpit of Orion. Type: pulsating star (SRC). Magnitude: 0.45. Absolute magnitude: -5.47. Magnitude Range: 0.00/1.30. Ecliptic longitude/ latitude: +88o45’17.1”/ -16o01’37.1”. Ecliptic longitude/ latitude: +88o58’07.4”/ -16o01’29.9”. ”. The stars distance from our sun: 497.95 ly. Spectral Type: M2Ib. Parallax: 0.00655”.

All this information was from Stellarium and not all the information about the stars are in the two articles above. If you want to know all about any star in our solar system and you do not have Stellarium, then go to http://www.stellarium.org/en_CA/ for all the information about Stellarium. Stellarium not only does the stars in our solar system but Deep space objects, Stars in space that is not even in our Galaxy, Asteroids, some Comets, consolations, and Planets that are in our Solar System.

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A Knights Adventure

A long, long time ago in a faraway place in a castle in England there lived a famous knight whose name was Sir Lancelot. Now Sir Lancelot was mostly known for all the noble things he did, and the hardest to defeat. Sir Lancelot practiced hard every day so that he can stay the hardness of mot to be defeated.

Then one day he told his page and squire that he would be gone for a couple of month and that he will be just traveling to the cities and villages on the Isle of Man, to see how they are doing. So he gave his squire and page some chores to do every day he was gone, and that when he came back he would pay them for what they had done in those months. And within a few hours his horse and wagon with some other things were ready for his leave in the morning.

Early the next morning Sir Lancelot had already left on his journey. He arrived at his first city by noon and the city was called Castletown. By the time it was late in the afternoon early evening of the 6th day of his journey, he had arrived at his second place city called Port of Saint Mary.

A month had passed and he had all most checked a 1/2 of the island’s cities, and all the cities and villages were in good condition, so far. By the time 2 months had passed he had checked almost every single city and village, and he had one more place to go and then he will be off to his castle.

His last stop was a village called Peel. This village he already had known that this village had some major problems. He had stayed there for a day longer than the other places. He was about to leave when an old widow who was new to him came up to him and begged Sir Lancelot to go and rescue her daughter, at the middle of the island in a cave, in return for a wonderful red rose and her daughter, “because not many knights came to the village and few took the task but none came back”.

Sir Lancelot gave it a thought and decided that if he is going to be a real knight, then he will go and rescue his female. So off went Sir Lancelot to save this female. He galloped through the plains and through the rocky plains to the middle of the island.

It had already been 4 months since he had left his castle, when he came upon a mountain. Then he had spent the next day climbing it, then another day trying to find a cave. On the third day on his adventure, he found that the cave was dark as night.

So he lit a candle, then he went deeper and deeper in the cave. Then he found a dozen knights sitting around a fire with their armory, weapons, and food not too far from them with a female chained to the wall cleaning all weapons and armor. When Sir Lancelot saw this he took off his armor and placed it aside, and went straight to the knights.

At the sight of Sir Lancelot, the knights sieged him immediately. Then the knights searched him for anything useful, and all that he found was a dagger, a sword, a candle, and a loaf of bread. After finding that Sir Lancelot only had only one weapon with him, they asked him why was he here. He told them that he had brought the bread for the girl, a dagger for something useful, a sword for protection against danger, and a candle to find his way here.

He had talked with the knights until they had fallen asleep, when he took his stuff and went to the girl and unchained her, and then took her and went straight back to Peel. And on his way there he found out that the young lady’s name was Rachel. When he arrived at Peel, he found that the widow was at the gate of the village.

Seeing that Rachel was a very pretty female and knowing her for a few days, and with the permission of the widow, he took Rachel to his castle. And within a months’ time he got married to Rachel.

How a computer works.

First what is a computer? A computer is an electronic machine that processes information—in other words, an information processor: it takes in raw information (or data) at one end, stores it until it’s ready to work on it, chews and crunches it for a bit, then spits out the results at the other end. All these processes have a name. Taking in information is called input, storing information is better known as memory (or storage), chewing information is also known as processing, and spitting out results is called output.

You have a Mother board, Monitor, Modem, System Unit, Mouse, Speakers, Keyboard, Hard drive, Hardware, Software, RAM, Floppy disk, CPU, Power plugin, and some/ most computers have a CD or and a DVD slot.

Your Inputs in your computer for a desk top PC are for your keyboard plugins, mouse plugins, microphone plugins, voice recognition plugins, USB stick plugins, and monitor plugin’s. For a PC laptop your Monitor, key board and mouse are in one, but practically have the same In and Out puts.

Your computer probably stores all your documents and files on a hard-drive: a huge magnetic memory. But smaller, computer-based devices like digital cameras and cellphones use other kinds of storage such as flash memory cards. Processing: Your computer’s processor (sometimes known as the central processing unit) is a microchip buried deep inside. It works amazingly hard and gets incredibly hot in the process. That’s why your computer has a little fan blowing away—to stop its brain from overheating!

Your computer probably has an LCD screen capable of displaying high-resolution (very detailed) graphics, and probably also stereo loudspeakers. You may have an inkjet printer on your desk top to make a more permanent form of output.

Visit: http://www.explainthatstuff.com/howcomputerswork.html for more information.

The Formation of the 13 Colonies

Virginia:

In 1606 two private companies were formed to seek a patent for colonization on the Atlantic Coast. In 1607, 105 London company sponsored settlers arrived from England to begin the story that we all remember from our school days.

Massachusetts:

On September 16th, 1620 the ship “Mayflower” set off from Plymouth, England on to it journey to the New world. The compact, which was signed on November 21st, 1620, served as the official Constitution of the Plymouth colony for many years. On the 21st of December they decided on a location near Plymouth harbor which they named Plymouth.

Maine was annexed to the Massachusetts in 1652 and later the Plymouth colony was too. In 1637 colonists, with the cooperation of several local tribes, mounted a devastating attack on a tribe known as the Pequot’s. In 1675, the long accord that had exist between the New England colonists and the local native tribes came apart in a bloody war known as the King Philip war.

New Hampshire:

In 1623, two groups of English settlers, sent by Captain John Mason, arrived in what is now called New Hampshire and established a fishing village near the mouth of the PiscataquaRiver.in 1638, John wheelwright was banished from Boston for defending his sister-in-law, Anne Hutchinson, founded a settlement called Exeter in New Hampshire. In 1639, the settlers signed the “Exeter Compact” patterned after the Mayflower.

Maryland:

In 1632 Charles I granted Maryland Charter to lord Baltimore. In 1633 the first group of settlers set sail for Maryland to establish a colony of freemen led by Leonard Calvert, Cecil Calvert’s younger brother.

Connecticut:

Dutch traders had established a permanent settlement near Hartford as early as 1633. In 1636, after being driven from Massachusetts, clergyman Thomas hooker and his followers arrives in Hartford and declared freedom from all save divine Authority.

Rhode Island:

While scattered Europeans began to settle the area as early as 1620. But the first permanent settlement wasn’t established until 1636. In 1635, roger Williams was driven from Salem, Massachusetts for espousing religious and political freedom.

In 1638, Anne Hutchinson, having been banned from the Massachusetts, helped find Portsmouth, Rhode Island. In 1663, Rhode Island was established as a corporate colony and received a Royal “Charter of Rhode Island and Province Plantations”.

Delaware:

In 1631, the first settlement was attempted in Delaware by Dutch traders led by captain David Pietersen de Vries. In 1632, the party had been killed in a dispute with the local natives. In 1638, peter Minuet, now in the service of the Swedish, led a group of Swedish settlers to the Delaware River area under a grant from the New Sweden Company.

In 1655, the Dutch gained control of the land from the Swedish. In 1664, the English obtained Delaware after defeating the Dutch. The Dutch regained Delaware in 1673, but lost it to the English in 1674. In 1682 Delaware was given to William Penn, but that didn’t last long, and Delaware became independent after that.