Cities & Government:
There were two main reasons why cities were established; the Harbor Towns were the towns were mostly/ mainly built for the ships that were or came to the shore; and the seat of government was like the capital city/ home of the government of the country / or state, for example: Washington DC is the State Capital of the USA (United States of America), but Olympia is the City Capital of Washington Territory.
One of the very first buildings that they built in very city, and is also one or the most important building in the City is a Church. The church was, is, a place where the religious people (the people who were religious) could find some peace, comfort, and rest of all their labors on the seventh day of the week (Sunday (the Sabbath Day)).
The streets in the cities where built in a grid like pattern. Unlike today, the streets ran in a line from north to south and east to west. Some cities had two city squares. A city square was a place where the people gather around to listen to the upcoming news or a message that a person might bring.
The markets were mostly near the harbors of the city. The markets back then were very similar to those in today. Each market would sell different things for different prices at the same or different qualities.
The largest city back then in the Revolutionary Wars was not New York (the city not the state), but it was a city called Philadelphia. Philadelphia was a Harbor City; it sent and collected tons of ships of all different shapes and sizes, and bringing all different things as cargo.
The government had two branches; the Governs Council was the upper house of the colonial legislature; the House of Burgesses was the first legislative assembly of elected representatives in North America.
The Barber in the colonial times was very much the same as in today’s Barber’s. They did not only cut and do the hairstyle of their client’s, but also did Bloodletting (putting leaches on their client’s). the Barber’s sing was and still is a cylinder with red and white swirl stripes, the Red representing the blood; the white the bandages. They thought it was right to do it, but we know better today that is it not right to do so, but leaches are still are used for Bloodletting for Medical purposes.
The Cabinetmaker made not only cabinets but also all furniture including cases for the clocks that the Clockmakers made. The Clockmakers made and repaired clocks. The Grocer made and then sold food what the farmers gave to them, in other words the Grocer/ Victualler was like the Grocery store.
The miller grinded corn and wheat and then gave it back to the farmer or person who gave it to the miller to grind. The Silversmith made all the silverware and then sold it. The Blacksmith not only made tools, horse shoes, nails, etc…, he was also the dentist (who just knocked out the aching teeth).
The Tailor made then sold clothes to those who could afford it. The Tanner made saddles, some leather clothes, mugs, buckets, and anything that had to do with leather.
The Cooper had an important job because they made barrels for the food and beverages to be stored in. The Cobbler made shoes that the people wore. Chandler made candles (candlesticks, and candle holders).
The Gunsmith made the guns. The Sailors sailed on ships from coast to coast, trading stuff for other stuff/ like a trader who trades in different countries. The Wigmaker made the wigs that some people wore.
The Apothecary made medicines from various minerals, plants, and herbs and sold them in their store. The Wheelwright made and repaired wheels on all vehicles and wagons. And the Printer printed the news, which when received by the people it was at least 3 days old. Those who could not afford getting food from the Grocer, or clothes from the Tailor, or anything leather from the Tanner, they had to make it themselves. And they had not left or right shoes back in the Colonial times.
Housing & Furniture:
In the colonial times there was no electricity, but there was pluming. And only the rich people’s houses had pluming. The other houses, unlike today’s houses had only one room called the Keeping room. They will do everything in that one room.
They had a kitchen, dining room, bedrooms, bathrooms, and sitting rooms all in one room/ no walls separating the different rooms. And they also had no staircases or in other words, no basement only the attic and the Keeping room.
The salt box was smaller than the Mansions the rich people had, but not much bigger than the regular house. The salt box had addition, connecting little house to it, for the big families who could have afforded that add on. Their houses where mostly made out of wood, but only the mansions were made out of brick or and stone, but that was soon available to the rest of the public.
Their beds had a wooden frame with ropes going across. Their mattresses were just like two bed sheets, one mouth inside the other and sewed together and then stuffed with straw or sometimes with feathers.
The children did house work like cleaning the house, pet care (for e.g. having chickens), doing the dishes, fetching water, shaking out the mattresses, doing laundry, and helping their father out. Their games were like chess or checkers, nine pins (bowling), jack and ball, hoop and stick, etc…
Everyone (including all adults, children, teens, and babies) ate fish, meat, eggs, bacon, wheat, corn, bread, squash, fruit, vegies, and corn meal. And they all drank cider, beer, milk, and water.
Babies were considered ages from ages 0-5, children and teens where from age 6 to whenever they finish school, and adults where when they were married, had a house of their own, or when they had finished their schooling or at least had a career or a job.
When a girl reached the proper age, her parents would give her a box called a “Hope Box”. The “Hope Box’s” purpose was for the girl to collect items for herself for when she moves out of the house/ or for when she gets married.
Girls were considered as an adult when she got married. While the boys were considered as an adult when he had finished his schooling, or had a career (or a job) or got married.
Some girls were already married by the age of 15 while some got married at the age of 23+. Some boys had finished their schooling, or had a career (a job), or married by the age 13, while some only finished their schooling, or had a career (a job), or married by the age of 20+.
When they were at the age of 6, they went to a school called a Dame school. After they had graduated Dame school, they moved on to another school like being an apprentice, or they went to college. The collages were in Yale, Princeton, Harvard, and William & Mary.
The considered Babies wore Puddings. The Pudding was like a giant pillow wrapped around the person who wore it. The Pudding was to reduce the many times of hurting themselves.