Louis XIV & Cardinal Richelieu
Louis XIV was born on September 5th in 1638. On May 14th, 1643, when Louis was 4 years old his father died. After the death of his father Louis succeeded the throne and became the leader of 19 million French Subjects and a highly unstable government. In 1648, when Louis was still shy at the age of 10 years old, the Parlement of Paris rebelled against his chief minister, Mazarin.
In 1660 Louis had married the daughter of the king of Spain, Marie-Therese of Austria. In 1661, when Louis was in his 20’s, he finally took control of the French after the death of his Chief Minister. In 1663 the Academy of Inscriptions and Belle-Letters was found, followed by the Royal Academy of Music in 1666.
In 1667-1672 Louis had Colbert oversee the Constructions of the Paris Observation. In 1667 Louis launched an invasion against the Spanish Netherlands, deeming his wife’s rightful inheritance. In 1672-1678, Louis was engaged his country in Franco-Dutch War.
By the 1680’s, Louis had begun to generate public hostility. From 1701-1714 the war of the Spanish Succession, further hastened Louis XIV’s decline as leader. On September 1st 1715, Louis XIV’s died just four days until his 77th birthday. After Louis XIV’s death, his 5 year old Grandson, Louis XV, who was the last male heir of the Duc de Bourgogne, inherited the throne.
At first Richelieu intended to follow a military career, but when his brother, Alfred, resigned the Bishopric of Luco and retired to the Grande Chartreuse in 1605. On the 17th of April, 1607; he was not yet 22 years old, although the Brief of Paul V dated 19th of December, 1606. In 1614 Richelieu represented the clergy of Poitou in the States General.
Richelieu on the 30th of November, 1616, Richelieu was named secretary of the state, but after the assassination of the Concini. To disarm suspicion Richelieu asked the king to name a place of exile and at his order went. In 1618 at Avignon, where he passes nearly a year and where he composed a catechism which became famous under the name of “Instruction du Chretien”.
On the 3rd of November, 1622, he was created cardinal by Gregory XV. On the 19th of April, 1624, he re-entered the Council of ministers. On the 12th of August, 1624, he was made its President.
In February 1638, Richelieu prompted the declaration by which Louis XIII consecrated the Kingdom of France. Having been arrested on the 14th of May, 1638, Richelieu declared that Luther and Calvin had been confined before they had to dogmatize the states.in 1638 the struggle between the state and the clergy on the subject of taxes became critical, and Richelieu to uphold his claims enlisted the aid of the brothers Pierre and Jacques Dupuy.
Side note: I had missed lots of information about Cardinal Richelieu and Louis XIV and not both person’s history is in my own words so please visit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis XIV of France or and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal Richelieu \ for more information about Louis XIV or and Cardinal Richelieu.