- Assessment: if swimming rescue is necessary.
- Equipment: find a rescue aid or floatation device (PFD).
- Entry: based on the topography; diving is not recommended.
- Approach: keep eyes on the victim.
- Ready Position: stop to reevaluate when 6-10 feet away.
- Assist: determine how to rescue.
- Landing: direct or assist victim.
- After Care: verify that emergency services have been activated; CPR (if needed).
Steps 1, 2, and 5
Planning: Quickly assess the situation – time is short.
- Has anyone called for help?
- Is anyone attempting a swimming rescue?
- Is it possible to wade out unconscious victim?
- Are any rescue aids available (nearby)?
- Does the victim have any injuries?
Steps 3 & 4
Entry and Approach: Same as non-conscious rescue entries and approaches.
- Entry is based on the terrain.
- Approach is based on the distance.
- Verify victim is unconscious by splashing water on the victim.\
- Armpit tow: rear approach.
- Wrist tow: front approach.
- Cross-chest tow: victim is struggling to breathe in air.
- Beach drag- water supports victim’s weight: arms under victim’s armpit.
- Vertical lift- best if two people are on shore or deck.
- Make sure emergencies have been called.
- Check vertical signs.
- Preform CPR (if needed).
- Place victim in recovery position if victim gains conscience.
- Wait for emergencies personnel.