Martin Luther was born on the 10th of November, 1483 in Eisleben, Saxony. He was baptized as a Catholic the next morning on the feast day of St. Martin of Tours. His family moved to Mansfeld in 1484, where his father was a leaseholder of copper mines and smelters and served as one of four citizen representatives on the local council.
In 1501, at the age of 19, he entered the University of Erfurt. In 1505 Martin received his master’s degree. On the 2nd of July in 1505, he was returning to university on horseback after a trip home.
During a thunderstorm, a lightning bolt struck near him, terrified of death and divine judgment, he cried out, “Help! Saint Anna, I will become a monk!” After that he left law school, sold his books, and entered a closed Augustinian friary in Erfurt on the 17th of July in 1505. Martin dedicated himself to the Augustinian order, devoting himself to fasting, long hours in prayer, pilgrimage, and frequent confession.
Martin described this period of his life as one of deep spiritual despair. In 1508, von Staupitz, first dean of the newly founded University of Wittenberg, sent for Luther, to teach theology. Martin received a Bachelor’s degree in Biblical studies on the 9th of March 1508.
A year later he received another Bachelor’s degree but in the Sentences by Peter Lombard. On the19th of October in 1512, he was awarded as a Doctor in Theology. On the 21st October 1512, he received into the senate of the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg, having been called to the position as a Doctor in Bible.
He spent the rest of his career in this position at the University of Wittenberg. From 1510 to 1520, Martin Luther lectured on the Psalms, the book of Hebrews, Romans, and Galatians. As he studied these portions of the Bible, he came to realize that the Catholic Church had some truths and others all wrong, so he wrote 95 theses within 60 days to the Catholic Church.
It was conducted from the 28th of January to 25th of May in 1521, with Emperor Charles V presiding. Prince Frederick III, Elector of Saxony, obtained a safe conduct for Martin Luther to and from the meeting. On the 18th of February in 1536, Martin Luther died still convinced of the correctness of his Reformation theology, and with his decree of excommunication by Pope Leo X still effective.
He died at the age of 52